Carthusian

Order of monks (O. Cart.) founded in 1085 by St Bruno of Cologne. Although without a written rule - they followed that of St Benedict in their own way - its members lived austere, solitary lives of silence and fasting within the monastery. Their lives were spent in cells, for the order abjured both dormitories and common refectories. The monks would gather together for prayer at certain times of the week and also on Sunday for dinner. Their monasteries were called Charterhouses; the first was established in England in 1178 at Witham in Somerset; their tenth and last was established by Henry V in 1414 at Sheen. Their name is formed after the Latin Cartusia, i.e. from Chartreux, near Grenoble, which was known as La Grande Chartreuse.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Carthusian — Order Abbreviation O.Cart., Carthusians Motto Stat crux dum volvitur orbis …   Wikipedia

  • Carthusian — Car*thu sian, a. Pertaining to the Carthusian. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carthusian — Car*thu sian, n. [LL. Cartusianus, Cartusiensis, from the town of Chartreuse, in France.] (Eccl. Hist.) A member of an exceeding austere religious order, founded at Chartreuse in France by St. Bruno, in the year 1086. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carthusian — late 14c., from L. Cartusianus, in reference to an austere order of monks founded 1086 by St. Bruno at Chartreux, village in Dauphiné, France …   Etymology dictionary

  • Carthusian — ► NOUN ▪ a monk or nun of an austere contemplative order founded by St Bruno in 1084. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to this order. ORIGIN from Carthusia, the Latin name for Chartreuse in France, where the order was founded …   English terms dictionary

  • Carthusian — [kär tho͞o′zhən, kärthyo͞o′zhən] n. [ML Cartusianus, after Cartusia, Catorissium, L name for Chartreuse] a monk or nun of a very strict order founded at Chartreuse, France, in 1084, by Saint Bruno adj. of or connected with the Carthusians …   English World dictionary

  • Carthusian — /kahr thooh zheuhn/, Rom. Cath. Ch. n. 1. a member of a monastic order founded by St. Bruno in 1086 near Grenoble, France. adj. 2. pertaining to the Carthusians. [1520 30; < ML Cartusianus, by metathesis from Catursianus, after Catursiani… …   Universalium

  • Carthusian — noun Etymology: Medieval Latin Cartusiensis, from Cartusia Chartreuse, motherhouse of the Carthusian order, near Grenoble, France Date: 1526 a member of an ascetic contemplative religious order founded by St. Bruno in 1084 • Carthusian adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Carthusian — Car·thu·si·an || kɑː θjuːzjÉ™n adj. of the order of Carthusian monks (Catholicism) n. member of the Carthusian order of monks which was founded in France by St. Bruno (Catholicism) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Carthusian — 1. noun A member of a Christian contemplative order of monks founded by in 1084. 2. adjective Of, or relating to this order. See Also: charterhouse …   Wiktionary

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